List of fatty acids: IUPAC and common names, shorthands

List of fatty acids present in foods

IUPAC and common names, plus shorthands
Type Common name IUPAC name Shorthand
Saturated
fatty acids
Butyric acid Butanoic acid 4:0
Caproic acid Hexanoic acid 6:0
Caprylic acid Octanoic acid 8:0
Capric acid Decanoic acid 10:0
Lauric acid Dodecanoic acid 12:0
Myristic acid Tetradecanoic acid 14:0
Palmitic acid Hexadecanoic acid 16:0
Stearic acid Octadecanoic acid 18:0
Arachidic acid Icosanoic acid 20:0
Behenic acid Docosanoic acid 22:0
Lignoceric acid Tetracosanoic acid 24:0
Type Common name IUPAC name Shorthand
Monounsat-
fatty acids
Caproleic acid dec-9-enoic acid 10:1
Lauroleic acid (Z)-dodec-9-enoic acid 12:1n-3
Myristoleic acid (Z)-tetradec-9-enoic acid 14:1n-5
Palmitoleic acid (Z)-hexadec-9-enoic acid 16:1n-7
Oleic acid (Z)-octadec-9-enoic acid 18:1n-9
Elaidic acid (E)-octadec-9-enoic acid a
Vaccenic acid (E)-octadec-11-enoic acid a
Gadoleic acid (Z)-icos-9-enoic acid 20:1n-11
Erucic acid (Z)-docos-13-enoic acid 22:1n-9
Brassidic acid (E)-docos-13-enoic acid a
Nervonic acid (Z)-tetracos-15-enoic acid 24:1n-9
Type Common name IUPAC name Shorthand
Polyunsat-
fatty acids
Linoleic acid (LA) (9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoic acid 18:2n-6
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA) (9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid 18:3n-3
gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA) (6Z,9Z,12Z)-octadeca-6,9,12-trienoic acid 18:3n-6
Columbinic acid (5E,9E,12E)-octadeca-5,9,12-trienoic acid a
Stearidonic acid (6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-6,9,12,15-tetraenoic acid 18:4n-3
Mead acid (5Z,8Z,11Z)-icosa-5,8,11-trienoic acid 20:3n-9
Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) (8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-8,11,14-trienoic acid 20:3n-6
Arachidonic acid (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenoic acid 20:4n-6
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14,17-pentaenoic acid 20:5n-3
Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) (7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)-docosa-7,10,13,16,19-pentaenoic acid 22:5n-3
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)-docosa-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaenoic acid 22:6n-3
a: Shorthand nomenclature cannot be used to name trans fatty acids.
References

Akoh C.C. and Min D.B. “Food lipids: chemistry, nutrition, and biotechnology” 3th ed. 2008

Chow Ching K. “Fatty acids in foods and their health implication” 3th ed. 2008


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