List of fatty acids: IUPAC and common names, shorthands

List of fatty acids present in foods

IUPAC and common names, plus shorthands
Type Common name IUPAC name Shorthand
fatty acids
Butyric acid Butanoic acid 4:0
Caproic acid Hexanoic acid 6:0
Caprylic acid Octanoic acid 8:0
Capric acid Decanoic acid 10:0
Lauric acid Dodecanoic acid 12:0
Myristic acid Tetradecanoic acid 14:0
Palmitic acid Hexadecanoic acid 16:0
Stearic acid Octadecanoic acid 18:0
Arachidic acid Icosanoic acid 20:0
Behenic acid Docosanoic acid 22:0
Lignoceric acid Tetracosanoic acid 24:0
Type Common name IUPAC name Shorthand
fatty acids
Caproleic acid dec-9-enoic acid 10:1
Lauroleic acid (Z)-dodec-9-enoic acid 12:1n-3
Myristoleic acid (Z)-tetradec-9-enoic acid 14:1n-5
Palmitoleic acid (Z)-hexadec-9-enoic acid 16:1n-7
Oleic acid (Z)-octadec-9-enoic acid 18:1n-9
Elaidic acid (E)-octadec-9-enoic acid a
Vaccenic acid (E)-octadec-11-enoic acid a
Gadoleic acid (Z)-icos-9-enoic acid 20:1n-11
Erucic acid (Z)-docos-13-enoic acid 22:1n-9
Brassidic acid (E)-docos-13-enoic acid a
Nervonic acid (Z)-tetracos-15-enoic acid 24:1n-9
Type Common name IUPAC name Shorthand
fatty acids
Linoleic acid (LA) (9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoic acid 18:2n-6
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA) (9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid 18:3n-3
gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA) (6Z,9Z,12Z)-octadeca-6,9,12-trienoic acid 18:3n-6
Columbinic acid (5E,9E,12E)-octadeca-5,9,12-trienoic acid a
Stearidonic acid (6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-6,9,12,15-tetraenoic acid 18:4n-3
Mead acid (5Z,8Z,11Z)-icosa-5,8,11-trienoic acid 20:3n-9
Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) (8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-8,11,14-trienoic acid 20:3n-6
Arachidonic acid (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenoic acid 20:4n-6
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14,17-pentaenoic acid 20:5n-3
Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) (7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)-docosa-7,10,13,16,19-pentaenoic acid 22:5n-3
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)-docosa-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaenoic acid 22:6n-3
a: Shorthand nomenclature cannot be used to name trans fatty acids.

Akoh C.C. and Min D.B. “Food lipids: chemistry, nutrition, and biotechnology” 3th ed. 2008

Chow Ching K. “Fatty acids in foods and their health implication” 3th ed. 2008

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