Sweeteners approved for use in food by the European Commission

Food additives permitted in the EU: sweeteners

Below is a review of some of sweeteners, such as sugar alcohols, aspartame or saccharin, present in the list of food additives approved in the European Community on the basis of the European Commission regulation No 1129/2011 published on 11 November 2011. Such list is an amendment of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No. 1333/2008 of the European Parliament, that was then modified in 2013. It is possible to consult the list in its entirety, in PDF or HTML format and in the different European languages, by following the link in the References.

E420, E421, E950, E951, E952, E953, E954, E955, E957, E959, E961, E962, E965, E966, E967, E968
Sweeteners: sugar alcohols used as bulk sweeteners
E420     (i) Sorbitol, (ii) Sorbitol syrup
E421     Mannitol
E953     lsomalt
E965     (i) Maltitol. (ii) Maltitol syrup
E966     Lactitol
E967     Xylitol
E968     Erythriol
Intense (synthetic) sweeteners
E950     Acesulfame K
E951     Aspartame
E952     Cyclamic acid and its sodium and calcium salts
E954     Saccharin and its sodium, potassium and calcium salts
E955     Sucralose
E957     Thaumatin
E959     Neohesperidine DC
E961     Neotame
E962     Salt of aspartame-acesulfame


  1. Bender D.A. “Benders’ Dictionary of Nutrition and Food Technology” 8th ed. Woodhead Publishing. Oxford, 2006
  2. Commission Regulation (EU) No 1129/2011 of 11 November 2011 amending Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council by establishing a Union list of food additives. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2011/1129/2013-11-21

Biochemistry, metabolism and nutrition