Anticaking agents approved for use in food by the European Commission

Food additives permitted in the EU: compounds used as anticaking agents

Below is a review of some compounds used as anticaking agents, such as silicon salts and bentonite, present in the list of food additives approved in the European Community on the basis of the European Commission regulation No 1129/2011 published on 11 November 2011. Such list is an amendment of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No. 1333/2008 of the European Parliament, that was then modified in 2013. It is possible to consult the list in its entirety, in HTML and PDF format, and in the different European languages by following the link in the References.

E422, E431, E459, E551, E552, E553a, E553b, E554, E555, E556, E558, E559, E570, E574, E575, E576, E577, E578, E579, E585
E422     Glycerol
E431     Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate
E459     Beta-cyclodextrin
Anticaking agents: silicon salts
E551     Silicon dioxide
E552     Calcium silicate
E553a   Magnesium silicate
E553b   Talc
E554     Sodium aluminium silicate
E555     Potassium aluminium silicate
E556     Aluminium calcium silicate
Anticaking agents: other compounds
E558     Bentonite
E559     Aluminium silicate; kaolin
E570     Fatty acids
E574     Gluconic acid
E575     Glucono delta-lactone
E576     Sodium gluconate
E577     Potassium gluconate
E578     Calcium gluconate
E579     Ferrous gluconate
E585     Ferrous lactate


  1. Bender D.A. “Benders’ Dictionary of Nutrition and Food Technology” 8th ed. Woodhead Publishing. Oxford, 2006
  2. Commission Regulation (EU) No 1129/2011 of 11 November 2011 amending Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council by establishing a Union list of food additives.

Biochemistry, metabolism, and nutrition