Chemical composition of olive oil

CONTENTS Olive oil constituents Saponifiable fraction Triglycerides Diglycerides and monoglycerides Unsaponifiable fractions Polyphenols Hydrocarbons Sterols Common sterols or 4α-desmethylsterols 4-Methylsterols Triterpene alcohols or 4,4-dimethylsterols Triterpene dialcohols Tocopherols Pigments Triterpene acids Fatty alcohols Diterpene alcohols Volatile compounds Minor components References Olive oil constituents From a chemical point of view, we can identify in the olive oil […]

Trans fatty acids

CONTENTS Definition and chemical structure of trans fatty acids Properties of fats rich in trans fatty acids Sources of trans fatty acids Industrial trans fatty acids Partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils Ruminant trans fatty acids Isomers of dietary trans fatty acids Trans fatty acids: effects on human health Trans fatty acids: effects at plasmatic level […]

Long chain fatty acid synthesis

CONTENTS Fatty acid synthesis De novo fatty acid synthesis in plants and animals Synthesis of long chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 and omega-6 PUFA synthesis References Fatty acid synthesis When excess calories are consumed from carbohydrates or proteins, such surplus is used to synthesize fatty acids and then triacylglycerols, while it doesn’t occur if the excess […]

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