Bile salts: definition, functions, enterohepatic circulation, synthesis

Contents in brief: What are bile salts Chemical structure of bile salts Primary, conjugated and secondary bile salts Function of bile acids Enterohepatic circulation of bile salts Intestinal metabolism of bile acids Soluble fibers and reabsorption of bile salts Synthesis of primary bile acids The classical or neutral pathway The alternative or acidic pathway Minor […]

Trans fatty acids

Contents in brief: Definition and chemical structure of trans fatty acids Properties of fats rich in trans fatty acids Sources of trans fatty acids Industrial trans fatty acids Partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils Ruminant trans fatty acids Isomers of dietary trans fatty acids Trans fatty acids: effects on human health Trans fatty acids: effects at […]

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

The synthesis of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids Within omega-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid family: alpha-linolenic acid; eicosapentaenoic acid or EPA; docosahexaenoic acid or DHA. are important fatty acids. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and α-linolenic acid Like linoleic acid (omega-6 fatty acid), alpha-linolenic acid or ALA is a primary product of plant polyunsaturated fatty acid or PUFA synthesis and […]

Yo-yo effect or weight cycling

What is yo-yo effect? Weight cycling or yo-yo effect, i.e. repeated phases of loss and weight gain, appears related to excess weight and accumulation of fat in the abdomen. Yo-yo effect and health Several studies suggest a link with increased blood pressure, increased blood cholesterol, with gallbladder disease, with a significant increase in binge eating […]

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