Anthocyanins: foods, absorption, metabolism

CONTENTS Anthocyanin rich foods Anthocyanin rich fruits Intestinal absorption of anthocyanins Anthocyanins and colonic microbiota References Anthocyanin rich foods Together with catechins and proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins and their oxidation products are the most abundant flavonoids in the human diet. They are found in: certain varieties of grains, such as some types of pigmented rice (e.g. black rice) […]

Proanthocyanidins and procyanidins in foods

CONTENTS Proanthocyanidins in foods A-type procyanidins in foods B-type procyanidins in foods Proanthocyanidins in fruits Proanthocyanidins in grape seeds References Proanthocyanidins in foods The interest on proanthocyanidins, and their content in foods, has increased as a result of the discovery, due to clinical and laboratory studies, of their anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective and anticarcinogenic properties. These […]

Proanthocyanidins: definition, structure and absorption

CONTENTS What are proanthocyanidins? Chemical structure of proanthocyanidins Procyanidins Intestinal absorption of proanthocyanidins Procyanidins and┬ácatechins References What are proanthocyanidins? Proanthocyanidins or┬ácondensed tannins, also called pycnogenols and leukocyanidins, are polyphenolic compounds (in particular they are a flavonoid subgroup) widely distributed in the plant kingdom, second only to lignin as the most abundant phenol in nature. They […]

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