Ingestion of solid, liquid or gel carbohydrates 60 min before exercise

The form of carbohydrates ingested before exercise may have different effects on both metabolism and performance. Moreover, the ingestion of solid foods slows gastric empty, digestion and absorption rates compared with liquid foods and this has a different impact on glycemia. For these reasons, several studies have investigated the effects of the form of carbohydrates on […]

Hypoglycemia and carbohydrate ingestion 60 min before exercise

Hypoglycemia: strategies to limit it in susceptible subjects From several studies it appears that the risk of developing hypoglycemia (blood glucose < 3.5 mmol /l or < 63 mg/l) is highly individual: some athletes are very prone to develop it and others are much more resistant. A strategy to minimize glycemic and insulinemic responses during exercise is to delay […]

Carbohydrate ingestion 60 min before exercise

Introductory statement An high-carbohydrate diet in the days before exercise, as well as ingestion of meals high in carbohydrate 3-4 h before exercise, better if with low glycemic index, can have positive effects on athlete’s performance. For many years it has been suggested that ingestion of carbohydrates 30-60 min before exercise may adversely affect performance because […]

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