Lauroleic acid: structure, properties, sources

Chemical structure of lauroleic acid

Lauroleic acid (12 carbon atoms) is an uncommon monounsaturated fatty acid (one cis double bond, from the methyl end is omega-3 (ω-3) or n-3, so in shorthand 12:1n-3) member of the sub-group called medium chain fatty acids (MCFA) (from 6 to 12 carbon atoms).

Properties of lauroleic acid

Lauroleic Acid
Fig. 1 – (Z)-dodec-9-enoic Acid

Molecular weight: 198.30188 g/mol
Molecular formula: C12H22O2
IUPAC name: (Z)-dodec-9-enoic acid
PubChem: 5282733

In purified form its boiling point is at 142 °C (287.6 °F; 415.15 K) at 4 mmHg.

Other names of (Z)-dodec-9-enoic acid

  • 9-lauroleic acid
  • dodec-9-enoic acid
  • 9-dodecenoic acid
  • 12:1n-3

Food sources of lauroleic acid

It occurs as glycerol ester in animal fats like these present in milk and butter.

References

Akoh C.C. and Min D.B. “Food lipids: chemistry, nutrition, and biotechnology” 3th ed. 2008

Chow Ching K. “Fatty acids in foods and their health implication” 3th ed. 2008

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *